News Archive

Monday, September 29, 2014

In the age of the ubiquitous single search box, what role do libraries play in the discovery of scholarly resources?

In this Issue Brief, Roger Schonfeld explores how the vision that the library should be the starting point for research—a vision many library directors hold—is often in conflict with the practices of faculty and students.  As users migrate to other starting points, librarians could invest in ways to bring them back. But there is also an opportunity for librarians to re-think their role and perhaps pursue a different vision altogether.

Go to source: http://www.sr.ithaka.org/blog-individual/does-discovery-still-happen-library

Monday, September 29, 2014

As the open education resources (OER) movement continues to evolve - most recently through high-profile university MOOCs and distributed open collaborative courses (DOCCs), as well as in nontraditional online educational opportunities such as those at Khan Academy and General Assembly - an even greater urgency arises for an open, sustainable scholarly information ecosystem. How can OERs succeed if the research and scholarship that students and faculty need to learn and teach is inaccessible?

In the 12 years since the...

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Monday, September 29, 2014

Research in the UK has been given a boost this week as specialist data centre provider, Infinity, has secured a five year framework agreement with Janet, the UK’s national research and education network, provided by Jisc.

The deal sees the creation of a Jisc data centre to support the requirements for academic research and will be the first shared data centre for medical and academic research in the UK. The funding of approximately £900,000 to make the facility happen has been provided by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE).

At launch, in September 2014, the Jisc data centre will house the IT of a consortium of six of the UK’s most successful...

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Monday, September 29, 2014

A digital 3D model is essentially a set of instructions, interpreted by a computer and displayed as an object which appears to have length, breadth and depth. Using sophisticated computing technologies, models can look ‘photorealistic’ – i.e. visually identical to real world objects. The technology is widespread and is used in videogames, architectural visualisations, movies and by industrial designers.

The digital 3D model is a virtual object which can be viewed from many different perspectives. In addition to being 'viewed' the 3D digital model can be used within digital simulations of real-world scenarios. For example, a digital aircraft model, when used with appropriate simulation software, will display similar aerodynamic properties as an actual, physical aeroplane. Another example, seen by a large number of people, is where the Met Office create 3D digital models of predicted weather patterns...

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Monday, September 29, 2014

Summer lets me teach my favorite course, the rundown of what’s going on with several publishing industries and how libraries are riding the rapids. (It’s actually a course in environmental awareness and handling change, but such skills are much easier to teach given a concrete context in which to exercise them.) As I tore through syllabus and lecture revisions earlier this month to clear time for other necessary work, I found a few spare milliseconds to wonder whether the serials crisis, which hasn't felt like an immediate,all-hands-on-deck crisis in some time,...

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Monday, September 29, 2014

 

The number of academic libraries offering research data management services increased dramatically after the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced that all funding proposals from 2011 onward must include a data management plan (DMP). Motivated by this NSF requirement, DMP-related outreach, training, and consultation has become a core service offered by many libraries. However, because most researchers do not receive federal funding that requires creation of a DMP, a focus on providing DMP services serves to ignore the majority of campus researchers. Therefore, DMP services should be only one component of a more comprehensive research data services program designed to meet the needs of a larger researcher population.

Making DMP services the pinnacle of a library’s research data services program can reinforce the idea that most researchers, at least those in the sciences, receive federal funding that requires submission of a DMP and adherence to...

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Wednesday, September 3, 2014

On July 10, 2014, ARL along with 10 other higher education and library organizations released a joint set of Net Neutrality Principles they recommend form the basis of an upcoming Federal Communications Commission (FCC) decision to protect the openness of the Internet. The groups believe network neutrality protections are essential to protecting freedom of speech, educational achievement, and economic growth.

Go to source:

http://www.arl.org/publications-resources/search-publications/term/summary/51

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

This year’s annual LIBER Conference took place in Riga, at the newly opened National Library of Latvia. In addition to dozens of papers from members of the research library communities of Europe (and sometimes beyond), there was a series of keynote and plenary talks by invited speakers, to set the tone for, or reflect upon the established themes of the conference.

Go to source:

http://libereurope.eu/news/research-libraries-in-the-2020-landscape-at-liber-2014/

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

The increasing pace of human discovery is a curse – we need to rethink what it means to publish the results of research.

The rapid growth of scientific literature is often seen as evidence, if evidence were needed, that the pace of human discovery is accelerating. On the contrary, however, it is becoming a curse – one that requires us to radically rethink what it means to publish the results of research.

Relentlessly – day after day, year after year – scientists are uncovering new facts about the world. If anything, the startling rate at which this happens appears to be increasing, but how would we know if such an impression was true? One way is to look at the rate at which scientific papers are published and these have indeed been appearing at an ever-increasing rates for decades or...

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Wednesday, September 3, 2014

At the beginning of July, LIBER and 17 other research and library organisations across Europe called on Elsevier to withdraw its current policy on text and data mining (TDM).

The number of signatories to the letter now totals 38 organisations, plus individual researchers, professors and librarians. All signatories are listed in the ...

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Wednesday, September 3, 2014
Personas, stemming from the field of user-centered design (UCD), are hypothetical users that represent the behaviors, goals, and values of ac­tual users. This study describes the creation of personas in an academic library. With the goal of leveraging service-generated data, the authors coded a sample of chat reference transcripts, producing two numeric values for each. The transcripts were plotted on an X/Y graph where X represented the nature of the user’s information need and Y represented the nature of the user’s motivation. A k-means cluster analysis of the plot­ted points produced four clusters, which served as the personas’ basis.
 

Go to source: http://crl.acrl.org/content/75/5/616.1.abstract